“City Logistics Systems”
by Prof. Dr. Haldun Süral
We provide an overview of challenges appeared in the real-life applications of City logistics (CL) systems and CL studies in the literature. Coordination of stakeholders and consolidation of goods are the key elements of CL. Consolidation takes place at city distribution centers (CDC). Freight arrives to CDC through diﬀerent modes. Goods are processed and consolidated based on demands and are dispatched to be distributed to the customers. This is how the single-echelon systems work. In the multi-echelon systems, there are satellites between CDCs and customers and goods of the higher echelon vehicles are trans-docked to the next echelon vehicles without staging. Varieties of CL freight systems and some analytic results will be presented.